Konkordatsunterzeichnung in Rom

The signing of the Reichskonkordat in Rome, 1933. The agreement recognized the Pope's supremacy in the religious affairs of German Catholics, while the Vatican agreed to recognize Adolf Hitler's supremacy for German citizens in political affairs. From left to right are Ludwig Kaas (a German politician and priest), Franz von Papen (German Vice-Chancellor), Guiseppe Pizzardo (an Italian Cardinal), Eugenio Pacelli (at that time a Cardinal and Secretary of State for Vatican City, he would become the next Pope, Pius XII), Alfredo Ottaviani (who would later become a Cardinal), and Rudolf Buttmann (German Secretary of the Interior).

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